宋明时期的话本和拟话本——“三言”和“两拍”

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宋代时期,城市经济发展,城市居民结构发生变化,一批商人聚集在城市,形成了一个新的班级公民阶层。随着城市的发展,各种民间艺术家加入了这座城市。为了满足新城市居民的文化需求,这个城市有许多钩子,经常有说唱艺术家表演和说话。

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说话相当于今天的讲故事,我们也是评论员。这些词是这些艺术家和表演的基础。宋代有三个主要的“说话”:小说,历史和经文。这部小说通常是一系列短篇小说,涉及广泛的主题和一切。说到只有一些宗教的故事,现有的宋元方言中有《大唐三藏取经诗话》。其他人是历史,一般讲述历史故事,而且它们很长,就像现代小说一样。现有的是《大宋宣和遗事》。

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这篇文章是为了表明这个新奇的空间在半夜是繁荣的。一方面,文人对宋元时期进行了处理,整理和打磨。另一方面,他们有意识地模仿宋元时期并独立创造它们。从文本到剧本,它实际上是从说唱口头文学到书桌的文学创作,也是从民间创作到文人创作。

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对白话小说整理的最大贡献是冯梦龙,他也是第一个因为他的创作而在中国发财的人。他发表了“三个字”《喻世明言》《警世通言》《醒世恒言》。这三个词共包含120部小说。 120部小说中有一部分是宋元时期写成的,有些则是明代文人的剧本。后来,冯梦龙自己创作了一些剧本。

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"Three Words" is the most important collection of vernacular short stories in Song, Yuan and Ming, representing the highest achievement of ancient Chinese vernacular short stories. The content of thought mainly includes the darkness and decay of the ruling class, the representative work《灌园叟晚逢仙女》; and the part is the works that express the theme of love and marriage, such as《杜十娘怒沉百宝箱》; and the works that express the thoughts and spirit of the small citizens, representative works《施润泽滩阙遇友》.

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After the successful publication of "Three Words", Ling Mengchu saw that the original creation was both fame and fortune. However, the predecessors had basically included Feng Menglong, so he began to create his own. He compiled《初刻拍案惊奇》and《二刻拍案惊奇》, and 78 novels, 78, called "two beats." It is the earliest personal creation of a series of small short stories in China, creating a precedent for the literati to make a speech.

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In the Ming Dynasty, the storytelling of the Ming Dynasty reflects the emotional consciousness and moral concept of the citizen class. It has the color of citizen literature and shows the social features of the capitalism in its embryonic period. It has distinct characteristics of the times.

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